• Effective Micro-Organisms (EM) is a combination of useful regenerative micro-organisms that exist naturally and are not manipulated. EM consists of 80 different kinds of effective, disease-suppressing micro-organisms. Although each of these effective micro-organisms has a specific task, each of them also enhances the work of each other micro-organism hence given rise to synergy. EM improves the quality of soil considerably as well as the growth and quality of crops. For further reading, see 


  • Bacillus Thuringiensis (BT) is certified by the Organic Material Review Institute for use on organic crops in the United States and Canada for over 30 years. BT is a bacteria present in our natural environment such as soil, plants, food and even on our skin. BT has no known toxic effects on human or other mammals, plants, birds, fish, honeybees, beetles, spiders, etc. For further reading, see 


  • EM Bokashi is made from a solution of EM1 and molasses, then added to rice bran and fermented. It increases microbial diversity and activity in soils and supplies nutrients to plants.


  • Bio-Organic Compost is derived solely from used plant materials and composted at a high temperature (55-70C). It contains no synthetic chemicals, is free from pathogens and is rich in naturally occurring nutrients.


  • Chemical Pesticides contain organochlorine, organophosphorus, carbamate and pyrethroids. These poisonous chemicals contribute to many acute and chronic illness. See below. 


  • Organochlorine pesticides: The most notorious of organochlorine is the insecticide DDT (Dichloro Diphenyl Thichkiriethane) which was the primary weapon in the global “war against malaria”. Studies have found a correlation between organochlorine exposure and various types of cancer, neurological damage, Parkinson's disease, birth defects, respiratory illness and abnormal immune system function. Moreover organochlorine break down slowly and build up in fatty tissues. Organochlorine can remain in our bodies for a long time. A mother may accumulate over a period and pass on the poisonous organochlorine in her fatty tissues to her infant through her breast milk. See also:


  • Organophosphorus pesticides: Many people are commonly exposed to OPs through eating fresh and processed vegetables. OPs are chemically similar to the chemical warfare agents originally produced during World War 2. They work by interfering with the nervous system of insects, as well as mammals, birds and fish. Organophosphorus compounds block production of an enzyme called cholinesterase ( ChE ), which ensures that the chemical signal that causes a nerve impulse is halted at the appropriate time. Symptoms of exposure include nausea, headaches, twitching, trembling, excessive salivation and tearing, inability to breathe because of paralysis of the diaphragm, convulsions and at high doses, death. In addition, OPs are among the most acutely toxic pesticides, with the most of these chemicals classified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as toxicity class 1 ( highly toxic ). See also :


  • Carbamate: Carbamate pesticides are derived from carbamic acid and kill insects in a similar fashion as organophosphate insecticides. They are widely used in homes, gardens and agriculture. The signs and symptoms of carbamate poisonings are similar to those caused by the organophosphate pesticides. The carbamates are hydrolyzed enzymatically by the liver, degradation products are excreted by the kidneys and the liver. Respiratory depression combined with pulmonary edema is the usual cause of death from poisoning by carbamate compounds. See also:

  • Pyrethroids: Pyrethrins are natural insecticides produced by certain species of the chrysanthemum plant. The natural pyrethrins are contact poisons which quickly penetrate the nerves system of the insects. Pyrethroids are manufactured chemicals that are very similar in structure to pyrethrins but are often more toxic and long longer in the environment than pyrethrins. Recently reported by CPI, “An analysis of EPA data by the Center for Public Integrity shows that the number of reported human health problems, including severe reactions, attributed to pyrethrins and pyrethroids increased by 300% over the past decade,” and found that “pyrethrins and pyrethroids together accounted for more than 26% of all fatal, “major” and “moderate” human incidents in the United States in 2007. See also :


Chemicals test reports from AVA of Singapore

Soil lab test report from SOM

Chemicals test reports from Skim Organik Malaysia ( SOM )